Vasiliy Sergeyevich Oshchepkov (January 7, 1893 – October 10, 1938) was a researcher of various kinds national wrestling and martial arts, Merited Master of Sports of the USSR, Honored Coach of the USSR. He was one of the founders of Sambo, a martial art developed in the Soviet Union. Oshchepkov died in prison as a result of the political purges of 1937 after accusations of being a Japanese spy. In 1914, immediately after his arrival in Russia, VS Oschepkov organized in Vladivostok circle of Judo, which functioned at the address. Ship Embankment. 21 (now - the Sports Club of the Pacific Fleet), what in June 1915, an article appeared in the Moscow magazine "Hercules". In 1917 in Vladivostok, the first in the history of the much-touted international match Judo: VS Oshchepkova students competed with students of Japanese Higher Commercial School Otaru, came to Vladivostok that such an international match was in 1915.
In 1927, at a meeting in Novosibirsk Osoaviahima cell at the headquarters of the Siberian Military District VS Oschepkov made a story about judo, then immediately it was decided to arrange for headquarters staff study group techniques of self-defense. Specialist services rushed to take advantage of a rare and local society "Dynamo".
Immediately after the transfer to Moscow VS Oschepkov opened at the Central House of the Red Army (CDKA) two-month course "dzyuu-up" (writing at the time). After the first demonstrations in CDKA immediately created two groups of military personnel and Army House, as well as the country's first female group.
In 1929 he became a teacher Oschepkov State Central Institute of Physical Culture (Infizkulta). Work at the Institute of Physical Education gave Oschepkov unique insight into the struggle of the peoples of the USSR systems, whose representatives were trained in his chair. He analyzed the bayonet, international sports martial arts, Chinese martial arts and a number of national kinds of struggle in terms of their applicability in a combat encounter. On the basis of this analysis due to judo Oschepkov and create a better application struggle which later became known as Sambo.
In 1930, with the direct participation VS Oshchepkova was prepared and published "Guidelines for the physical preparation of the Red Army," and in 1931 - textbook "Exercise of the Red Army," where for the first time in our country was set out a comprehensive program of training fighting. In parallel with the publication of teaching materials VS Oschepkov held special courses for officers of the Moscow garrison, and then turned the job of instructor-methodological Office of the Moscow garrison committee, directly himself carried the teaching of martial arts in several military units, and also took part in the competitions Moscow garrison commanders on the bayonet, taking first place there.In 1931, the Soviet Union developed a sports complex "Ready for Labour and Defence of the USSR" (TRP USSR). In 1932, the complex was established by the TRP of the second stage, in which, as one of the rules of self-defense techniques appeared. Development of a set of techniques for the TRP-II on behalf of the Special Commission, chaired by SS Kamenev was engaged VS Oschepkov.In 1930, on the basis of CDKA, but through the sports committee, VS Oschepkov conducted special training of trainers, which were trained physical education teachers from various regions of the country. Among them was Alexander Rubanchik from Rostov-on-Don, who served in the militia, and on whose initiative Oschepkov held demonstrations in the Central High School militia, which, apart from himself, attended by graduates of the course in its entirety. The demonstration was a great success, then VS Oschepkov immediately was invited to teach at this school police headquarters. In addition to the required course of unarmed combat, VS Oschepkov began to lead in TSVSHM and club work, which continued at the military faculty Infizkulta. The training program Oshchepkova and club activities in TSVSHM were eliminated in 1934 at the request of VA Spiridonov, saying that it was contrary to his own and formally approved by the program.In 1932, when Infizkulte was established Military Department. Teaching of martial arts and combat clothing as in the faculty and in organized courses carried with him too Oshchepkov. In the years 1933-1934 he also teaches students a two-year school named after N. unions Shvernik. In 1934 Vasily Sergeyevich creates its own section in the newly built Palace of Sports Aviakhim that in 1935 sends his apprentice, intern from Infizkulta AA Kharlampiev. In the summer of 1937 VS Oschepkov achieved specialization opening Judo organized with Infizkulte High School coaches.